Visitor Information

Pictures are copyright of North York Moors National Park Authority

Roulston Scar Hillfort

The pictures below show the palisade trench which has been cut into the back of the rampart of the Iron Age hillfort at Roulston Scar which may represent a re-fortification of the site in 1322 by the English army, although no datable finds were recovered.The site was excavated by the Landscape Research Centre in late 2013 on behalf of the National Park Authority.

                                          View from Sutton Bank - Battlefield area.

                                  (Photographs courtesy of North York Moors National Park Authority)

Byland Abbey

He only just escaped and fled via Pickering and Bridlington, before turning back at York.The Scots looted Rievaulx before laying waste the rest of Yorkshire to the east coast..The Scots were present for 1 month and 3 days and the northern counties paid the price.

     Edward had problems in France and so eventually agreed a truce. Finally in 1328 with the Treaty of Edinburgh ratified at Northallerton by the English, Robert the Bruce was recognized as King of Scotland.A papal bill recognizing Robert as King of Scots was issued in 1329 - 6 days after his death.

     This was the end of the remarkable story, started by Robert de Brus I in the late 11th century, but resulting in the national Scottish hero, King Robert the Bruce, three centuries later.

Battle of BYland


On October 2nd 1323, Edward II, King of England, was camped at Rievaulx Abbey with his court and entourage. The Scots were only 15 miles away, having scythed their way through northern England, including laying waste to the nearby town of Thirsk. The main purpose of their raid was to capture a high ranking person (Edward II if possible) to force the recognition of his title as King of Scots.

The Earl of Richmond was sent by Edward II from Rievaulx to a high point near Byland Abbey to reconnoitre the Scots' position. He was suddenly surprised and attacked and his men resorted to hurling stones down on the Scots from the western edge of Scawton Moor, overlooking Sutton Bank and Roulston Scar. Earls Douglas and Moray made a direct assault, while highlanders scaled the steep cliffs, which were thought to be too difficult. The Scots won a seemingly impossible victory. Edward II at Rievaulx was "chicken hearted and luckless" and took to flight, leaving his troops behind.